Attacks in Chile taking a dangerous turn to terrorism

first_img The 2014 attacks By Dialogo October 07, 2014 Anarchism in Chile has been used for decades to fight for the injustices of capitalism, but up until 2014, had never been used to attack innocent civilians. Instead, Chilean based anarchist groups are known for using political inroads to beget education, tax, and political reforms. Today, these groups continue to fight for reform but differing views on how to achieve end goals has resulted in splintering of groups; some of which now have international ties to European violent extremist groups. These same European groups are believed to guide and support extremist cells in Chile. Take for example the CCF. This group is native to Greece, but as evidenced by the Santiago Metro attacks, the CCF has at least one Chilean based cell comprised of Chilean nationals. It also appears that the Chilean cell may have followed guidance released by the CCF in Greece to use everyday items to create explosive devices. This idea is evidenced by the fact that fire extinguishers filled with gunpowder were utilized in both the July and September attacks. CCF affiliation in Chile is concerning, because according to Greek authorities and information released by the news website The Perfect Storm, the CCF’s loose, horizontal structure made of individual cells makes it hard to fight. Also of concern is the fact that some security experts have described this group as a mythological serpent in the sense that once one head is cut off, another pops back up. If this is the case and there are more CCF cells operating in Chile, wiping out the remaining members is imperative to stop future attacks. From anarchism to extreme anarchism Since 2005 anarchist groups have detonated explosive devices in non-populated areas within Chile during late night hours on at least 198 separate occasions, according to Spaniard newspaper El País. Because of the timing and absence of civilian populace during these attacks, no casualties were reported. But recent attacks conducted in July and September 2014 deviated from the original pattern as they were conducted at the Santiago Metro Station, a public transit system used by an estimated 2,500,000 individuals per day. And although the Metro attacks did not result in civilian deaths, they made it clear that extremist cells of anarchist groups are willing and capable of carrying out large-scale terrorist attacks aimed at inflicting multiple casualties at any hour of the day. On July 13, 2014, the last subway car of the night pulled into Los Dominicos stop at the Santiago Metro Station. Per protocol, a subway employee began checking the train cars one by one to ensure they were all empty during which time a backpack was found underneath a seat in the first car. The bag contained a fire extinguisher filled with gunpowder and a clock wired to the device with cables. This incident was immediately reported to subway security and police. In response to the threat, the subway platform was evacuated, and shortly after, the device detonated before authorities even had a chance to look at it. Information released by Chilean news agency Emol indicated that no injuries were reported in conjunction with this attack. However, it represented the first instance in which alleged anarchists dared to detonate an explosive device in a public forum with citizens still present. On September 08, 2014, crowds gathered to enjoy lunch at a fast food restaurant located next to the Escuela Militar metro station in Las Condes neighborhood of Santiago, Chile. At 14:05, a fire extinguisher filled with gunpowder was detonated leaving 14 injured. Following this attack, Peruvian newspaper El Comercio indicated that at least two of the victims suffered full limb amputations, but as in the first attack, no deaths were reported. Hours following the September incident, the Conspiracy of the Cells of Fire (CCF) released an online statement claiming responsibility for both Metro attacks. They further blamed authorities for injuries sustained by civilians and claimed that their target was not the civilian populace, but the “structures, properties and enforcers of power.” In carrying out the two Metro attacks, the CCF not only undermined legitimate anarchist groups dedicated to creating lasting social change, it also highlighted its potential to conduct potential large scale terrorist attacks. But the question still remains, how did a small group coordinate a possible mass casualty terrorist attack and who could have helped them? El País has also reported information indicating that Chilean based extreme anarchists are believed to have ties with Spanish based terrorist groups. Just last year, two Chilean anarchists who were tried and acquitted in connection with the Santiago bombings were later arrested in Spain where they were charged with planting a bomb in a church in Zaragoza. Additionally, at least nine known Spanish terrorists have visited Chile to directly support small scale bombing attacks in recent years. For these reasons and so many more, Chilean ties to international violent extremist groups are concerning as they may serve as the influence for more high profile attacks. Extremist Chilean anarchists responsible for the Santiago metro terrorist attacks made it clear that they are willing and able to target densely populated venues during daytime hours. Possible future attacks are also of concern, but the Chilean government is determined to thwart any attempts and to prosecute offenders by enacting an anti-terrorism law first used during the Pinochet era. This law allows for anonymous witness testimony by the prosecution and greatly increased sentences. In applying it, the Chilean government likely hopes to dismantle small extremist cells with probable international ties while restoring peace and tranquility to the streets of Santiago. Thanks for the information. It was left out in Brazilian newspapers.last_img read more

Gillian Tans, CEO, Booking.com: Companies need to be motivated for new innovations instead of being taxed even more

first_imgBloomberg reported that these companies are just some of a number of companies that have signed a letter to European finance ministers expressing concern over the proposed 3% tax because it would “create a harmful legal precedent in income taxation, even when the taxpayer has not yet profitable ”. In an interview, Tans emphasized that she does not oppose tax reform, but that it should be implemented on a global level, which is not very realistic. “Europe should strive to become more attractive to companies to grow their business and market their products and services in the EU.” The EU has proposed new taxation measures for services such as Booking.com The proposed new European Union measure to tax the income of technology companies within Europe has attracted a lot of negative reactions, especially from companies like Booking.com and Spotify. “Overall, this will be a major blow to technological innovation because companies should be motivated to innovate instead of taxing it even more,” said Gillian Tans, executive director of Booking, which is based in Amsterdam. “And especially for European companies. We are a European company that already pays taxes in Europe. ” Gillian Tans / Facebookcenter_img European regulatory legislation is already quite complex anyway, and taxing the income of technology companies would certainly be a major threat to Booking.com. Also, the question arises whether the said tax will have an impact on the amount of commissions of Booking.com users and what kind of complications around renting accommodation it may entail. Ultimately, it will certainly not have a positive impact on the atmosphere of tourist renters of private accommodation. It is uncertain whether income taxation will also apply to startup companies, which would greatly complicate their business growth prospects. The tax proposal “would impose a financial burden on European developing companies and weaken their ability to compete globally” and would result in double taxation, especially when it comes to taxing EU resident companies that are already subject to corporate income tax and VAT. in the above letter.last_img read more

Los Directores: Mexico’s Famous Filmmakers

first_imgGet to know the three Mexican filmmakers dominating Hollywood and the Oscars. Let’s take a look at los Directores — the Directors.Cover Image: Alfonso Cuarón, Guillermo del Toro, and Alejandro González Iñárritu via LA TimesOver the past few years, nearly every major filmmaking award can be tied to these three filmmakers either through nominations or wins. Not only do they all come from Mexico, they frequently collaborate with each other. Each of their successes has pushed the trio further into the spotlight.Together, Alejandro González Iñárritu, Alfonso Cuarón, and Guillermo del Toro have created some of the best films ever made. Not only do they share their successes together, they have also made careers for master cinematographers, writers, and actors.Alejandro González IñárrituImage via IndieWireAlejandro González Iñárritu was born in Mexico City, Mexico. At 16, he was expelled from school and began to travel the world as a sailor.Actually, when I think about growing up, I feel most affected by two travels that I made working in cargo boats when I was 16 and 18. One of them crossed through the Mississippi and Baton Rouge and Mobile, Alabama, and another went all the way to Europe. On the last trip, I stayed in Europe for one year with $1,000, working everywhere I could, doing everything. Those years shaped me a lot and taught me the value of exploring different things. I didn’t have a normal academic career. I never studied cinema. I learned from life. – A.V. ClubAfter his travels, he returned to Mexico City and attended college at the Universidad Iberoamericana. There he studied communications and landed a job as a radio DJ on the rock station WFM. He became the director of the station four years later, turning WFM into one of the most popular radio stations in Mexico. He also began composing music for a series of films.Iñárritu eventually made his way into making commercials and eventually met writer Guillermo Arriaga. Together the two would go on to make the film Amores Perros. The film masterfully combined three different stories tied around a single car crash. It was also the film debut of actor Gael García Bernal.Amores Perros won the Critic’s Week Grand Prize at Cannes and earned an Academy Award Nomination for Best Foreign Language Film. The film lost to Crouching Tiger, Hidden Dragon.Iñárritu next worked on the Mexico segment for the film September 11 as well as returning to commercial work. He created ads for Volkswagen, Coca-Cola, and BMW. He made it a point to always write the commercials as well, which helped him in his storytelling.I don’t have anything against commercials, and I really like BMWs, to tell you the truth. [Laughs.] One of the reasons why I agreed to do it is that they gave me complete freedom. I just had to have the car in it and write a story around it. I wanted to do something serious set in a Latin American country, but again, it was an exercise in style for me. I want to make something with a guerrilla documentary style. I didn’t care about the car, you know what I mean? In this particular story, there has to be a car, so I put the fucking car in there. If they give me a BMW, then great. But I considered it a chance to make a good short film, and fortunately, they paid me well for it. It wasn’t difficult for me to accept it as a commercial, because I had no restrictions. If I presented that short to somebody who doesn’t know about the BMW film series, I doubt they’d even notice it was a commercial. – A.V. ClubFollowing his successful collaboration with Guillermo Arriaga, the two teamed up again on the film 21 Grams. The film follows a similar format to Amores Perros, in which three stories are intertwined around an accident. Unlike the first film, this film was made in English. The two followed this film with another tragic tale, this time intertwining four stories in Babel. Together, these films are commonly referred to as The Death Trilogy.Babel was a hit with critics, receiving seven Oscar Nominations. Alejandro González Iñárritu was the first Mexican director to be nominated for the Academy Award for Best Directing and the Directors Guild of America Award for Outstanding Directing. Babel earned Iñárritu the Best Director Award at Cannes, the fist Mexican-born director to have won the Prix de la mise en scène.Iñárritu’s next film, Biutiful, was filmed in both Mexico and Spain. The film earned an Oscar Nomination for Best Foreign Language Film. Possibly more impressive, Javier Bardem earned an Oscar Nomination for Best Actor in a Leading Role. It was the first time an actor had been nominated for an entirely Spanish-speaking role.Biutiful was the fourth and final collaboration between Iñárritu and his cinematographer Rodrigo Prieto. Since then, Prieto has gone on to work on projects like Ben Affleck’s Argo and Martin Scorsese’s The Wolf of Wall Street and Vinyl.He followed this film with a series of shorts. His next feature became one of the most acclaimed films in years, Birdman: Or (The Unexpected Virtue of Ignorance). The film was a technological masterpiece, as it moved like a single continuous take for the entirety of the film. Shooting was constantly rehearsed and shot in sequence. It only took two weeks to edit the final picture.The film went on to earn nine Oscar nominations, winning four. Iñárritu walked away with three Oscars himself for Best Picture, Best Director, and Best Writing. His cinematographer Emmanuel Lubezki walked away with the Oscar for Best Cinematography — making him a back-to-back winner. More on that later.Currently Alejandro González Iñárritu is producing the upcoming tv series The One Percent, in which he directs the first two episodes. He also just wrapped his next feature film The Revenant. Working again with cinematographer Emmanuel Lubezki, the two are pushing their filmmaking knowledge. Much of the film is practical and natural sets shot with natural light. Want more articles on Mexican filmmaking? Let us know in the comments below. Alfonso CuarónImage via IndieWireAlfonso Cuarón was also born in Mexico City. He studied philosophy and filmmaking at National Autonomous University of Mexico. It was there he met cinematographer Emmanuel Lubezki. Together the two made their first short film, Vengeance is Mine.Alfonso and his brother Carlos Cuarón wrote Sólo con tu pareja, a romantic comedy that went on to earn the Best Original Story at the Ariel Awards. Alfonso was nominated for Mejor Ópera Prima (Best First Work) and Emmanuel Lubeski was nominated for Best Cinematography.In 1995, Alfonso made his first American feature film, A Little Princess. The film earned Emmanuel Lubeski his first Oscar Nomination for Best Cinematography. He followed with a remake of the Charles Dickens classic Great Expectations. It wasn’t a particularly memorable film, but it was a decent adaptation.Alfonso Cuarón returned to Mexico for his next feature film, Y Tu Mamá También. The film was released a year after Iñárritu’s Amorres Perros, making Mexico an up-and-coming powerhouse for films. Both films starred Gael García Bernal, who would go on to become an international movie star, producer, and eventually a director himself.Y Tu Mamá También earned the Cuarón brothers an Oscar Nomination for Best Writing, Original Screenplay. It was a monster hit all over the world. Its success earned Alfonso the opportunity to direct a major American blockbuster franchise, Harry Potter.Cuarón directed Harry Potter and the Prisoner of Azkaban, which many critics heralded as the best film in the franchise. It took a much more serious approach than the previous installments, and set the tone for all of the following films. This film made the Harry Potter franchise become one of the most successful blockbuster series of all time.Following the success of Harry Potter, Cuarón was able to choose his next project. He adapted the P.D. James novel Children of Men. He was able to bring Emmanuel Lubezki on board as his cinematographer, and the two once again made another masterpiece. The film is packed full of tiny details and exquisite cinematography. Take a look at this breakdown of the minor background details from Nerdwriter.Children of Men earned Alfonso another Academy Award Nomination for Best Writing. He also earned a nomination for Best Editing, and Lubezki earned his fourth Best Cinematography nomination. Children of Men was praised for its technical work as well, and the film’s famous long take is still studied. They built a custom car rig specifically for that scene in the film.As impressive as all of that is, it wouldn’t come close to the technical advances and achievements in Alfonso Cuarón’s next film, Gravity. Pre-production for the film started years before cameras rolled. They crew actually had to wait for the technology to catch up for the shots they had in mind. With technological advancements, like robotic camera arms, they were able to start production. Take a look behind the scenes with this video from The Wrap.Gravity earned ten Oscar Nominations, winning seven awards. Alfonso Cuarón walked away with Best Director and Best Editing. He was the first Mexican to win an Oscar for Best Director. Emmanuel Lubezki won Best Cinematography, and would win again the next year with Iñárritu’s Birdman.Alfonso Cuarón is currently writing, producing, and directing the tv series Believe.Guillermo del ToroImage via BlastrGuillermo del Toro was born in Guadalajara, Jalisco, Mexico. He was raised in a very strict Catholic household, which would go on to influence his mythical world greatly. He grew up making films on his father’s 8mm camera, and his passion led him to study at the Centro de Investigación y Estudios Cinematográficos.Del Toro was fascinated by special effects and makeup. He studied under legendary special effects artist Dick Smith and would go on to spend ten years working as a special effects and makeup designer. He began directing short films, eventually writing and directing several episodes of the cult series La Hora Marcada. The show was the equivalent to a Mexican Twilight Zone. Other writers and directors included Alfonso Cuarón and Emmanuel Lubezki.Following the series, Guillermo directed his first feature film, Cronos. The film was his first collaboration with cinematographer Guillermo Navarro. The vampire horror film is still considered one of the best in the genre. The film won eight Ariel Awards from the Mexican Academy of film. Guillermo del Toro won the Golden Ariel, as well as Mejor Dirección (Best Director), Best Original Story, Best Screenplay, and Best First Work.Here’s a great interview (with subtitles) of Guillermo del Toro on filmmaking and Cronos from Gabriel Gal.Following the success of Cronos, del Toro secured funding for his next feature, Mimic. It became known that del Toro earned a $30 million budget for the film. Guillermo was plagued by a multitude of micro-managers, and he was struggling to work on the film. Then things took a turn for the worse. Guillermo’s father was kidnapped and held for ransom.We would get ransom notes with many syntax and spelling errors. It affects you. – UproxxKidnappers demanded $1 million for the release of his father. The del Toro family had nowhere near enough money to pay the ransom. As the negotiations dragged on, Guillermo wrote notes to help him cope with the ordeal. The kidnapping went on for months, and the story of the ordeal began to make headlines.Guillermo del Toro had previously made friends with director James Cameron, who had given Guillermo notes on Cronos. Cameron took del Toro to a bank, and handed him over $1 million in cash. Guillermo used the money, and his father was finally released after 72 days in captivity. Following his release, the entire family moved to the United States.I cannot go back to Mexico as a director because of the kidnapping of my father. A film is a highly visible venture, and I can’t risk it… Every day, every week, something happens that reminds me that I am in involuntary exile [from my country]. – TimeGuillermo del Toro returned to directing with The Devil’s Backbone. Soon after, he undertook several comic book adaptations with Blade II and Hellboy. It would be his next feature that would earn him critical acclaim.El Laberinto del Fauno — Pan’s Labyrinth — is considered to be Guillermo del Toro’s masterpiece. He had turned down several Hollywood producers who offered double the budget to make the film in English. He did not want to compromise the story and was determined to film in Spanish. In fact, del Toro himself translated the English subtitles for the film. The film was partially produced by Alfonso Cuarón, and Iñárritu helped in the editing bay.Pan’s Labyrinth was nominated for six Academy Awards. Del Toro was nominated for Best Original Screenplay, and cinematographer Guillermo Navarro won Best Cinematography.Following the success of Pan’s Labyrinth, del Toro was chosen to direct the live-action adaptation of The Hobbit. Following the success of the Lord of the Rings trilogy, The Hobbit was set to become the next major entry in the franchise. After two years of pre-production and development hell, Guillermo del Toro left the project because of MGM’s financial problems. The Hobbit would eventually be split into three separate films, for which del Toro is still credited as a co-writer.During that time, Guillermo had been working on his first novel. The Strain, and its two sequels, garnered enough of a following that the book was adapted into an original television series years later.After completing Hellboy II, del Toro turned back to an original story with the kaiju film Pacific Rim. The film was a solid summer blockbuster that spawned comic books, an animated series, and a VR experience.This is my most un-modest film, this has everything. The scale is enormous and I’m just a big kid having fun. – Shock Till You DropGuillermo del Toro is seemingly all over the map. He is working on feature films, producing television series, creating comics, writing, and more. His latest film, Crimson Peak, was released in October of this year. In this video, del Tor sits down with Christopher Nolan to discuss the film and directing in general.last_img read more

Sikkim government to clear decks for CBI to probe corruption cases

first_imgThe Sikkim Krantikari Morcha (SKM) government will soon clear the decks for the Central Bureau of Investigation to take up corruption cases in the border State, a leader of the ruling party has said. A notification issued by the erstwhile Sikkim Democratic Front (SDF) government in 2010 had mandated the Central probe agency to seek its prior consent, before taking up an investigation against any of its officers or public representatives. “It is necessary to bring the CBI as it is the only agency which can bring to book those people who had indulged in large-scale corruption in the last 25 years,” the Chief Minister’s political secretary, Jacob Khaling Rai, told reporters on Thursday. The newly formed SKM government has been searching for files related to malpractices by the previous government headed by Pawan Kumar Chamling, Mr. Rai, who is also the spokesperson of the SKM, said. “We have activated the Vigilance Department and will contact the CBI soon to probe the corruption cases in Sikkim,” Mr. Rai said. The SKM spokesperson said the SDF government had withheld permission to the CBI to take up investigations into corruption cases in Sikkim, but the new dispensation will soon open its doors to the Central agency. The SKM had pledged to bring the CBI to Sikkim in its election manifesto with the former Chief Minister Mr. Chamling being its prime target as the then Opposition party had accused the latter of indulging in embezzlement of public money during his nearly 25-year rule. The SKM had moved a writ petition in the High Court for quashing the notification, but it was dismissed. In 1976, Sikkim had conveyed to the Centre its consent about the extension of the Delhi Special Police Establishment (DSPE) Act 1946 to the northeastern State. The consent was, however, withdrawn during the second term of the then Chief Minister Nar Bahadur Bhandari. Section 6 of the DSPE Act prohibits the agency from investigating cases outside Delhi (and Union Territories) without permission from the respective State governments. However, the Supreme Court and High Courts can direct the CBI to probe any case in any State. In the recent polls to the 32-member State Assembly, the SKM won 17 Seats and the SDF 15. The lone Lok Sabha Seat was also won by the SKM.last_img read more

Irish Continental Group Offloads Ferry Oldie

first_imgzoom Ireland’s maritime transportation group Irish Continental Group (ICG) revealed it has sold the passenger ferry Kaitaki to New Zealand-based ferry operator Kiwi Rail.The 22,365 gross ton ship, sold for EUR 45 million (USD 50.1 million), has been delivered to its new owner, according to ICG.Previously known as Isle of Innisfree, Pride of Cherbourg and Stena Challenger, the 180-meter-long vessel is able to accommodate 1,650 passengers, 600 cars and 108 trucks.Earlier this month, ICG entered into a memorandum of agreement (MOA) for the sale of the ferry.“The Kaitaki which was commissioned by and delivered to ICG in 1995 became surplus to ICG’s operational requirements following delivery of our cruise ferry Ulysses in 2001. Kaitaki has been on charter outside the group since 2002, most recently to the buyers KiwiRail who operate the vessel in New Zealand,” ICG said on May 17.As disclosed, the proceeds from the sale will be used for ICG’s general corporate purposes.last_img read more

2M Partners Resume TA3 Calls at APMT Rotterdam

first_imgzoom Danish container shipping company Maersk Line and Swiss-based Mediterranean Shipping Company (MSC) are resuming their calls at APM Terminal in Rotterdam on their jointly operated Transatlantic service as of next week.The return will be inaugurated by Liberia-flagged MSC Charleston on September 28, 2017, two months after the duo switched to Europe Container Terminals (ECT) in Rotterdam, Maersk Line said in an update.As World Maritime News reported earlier, the joint Transatlantic TA3 service between Europe and North America was diverted from APM Terminals to ECT in Rotterdam in July 2017 amid delays experienced at APMTR following the cyber attack on Maersk Group’s facilities.The impacted vessels were Maersk Kawasaki, Maersk Kure, MSC Charleston, and Maersk Kowloon.The NotPetya cyber attack from June 27 hit several Maersk’s 76 APM terminals, costing Maersk Group up to USD 300 million.APMT Maasvlakte 2 at the Port of Rotterdam was one of the hardest hit terminals with only 1 vessel berthing between June 28 and July 6. During the days following the cyber attack, the terminal stopped all loading and discharging activities, resulting in delays.World Maritime News Stafflast_img read more

Improving safety for Michigan families in 2017

first_img28Dec Improving safety for Michigan families in 2017 Categories: News,Whiteford News With a 100 percent attendance record in Lansing for 2017 in addition to attending more than 91 local events and meetings within the Michigan House’s 80th District, I focus on what matters for our community.Six of my bills were signed into law by Gov. Rick Snyder this year.As the chair of the House Appropriations Environmental Quality Subcommittee and vice chair of the Agriculture and Rural Development Subcommittee, I want to ensure that legislation will protect Michigan families. That’s why I sponsored legislation – signed into law in October – to ensure the cleanup of petroleum and other hazardous substances leaking from underground tanks in Michigan. All refined petroleum products sold in Michigan are subject to an environmental protection regulatory fee. The bill ensures the fee collected for each gallon of refined petroleum is used for cleaning up contaminated sites.This law also allows for owners and operators of underground storage tank systems to apply for funds to clean up older contaminated sites.The governor also signed legislation I introduced to ensure communication between local township officials and the Michigan Department of Natural Resources before conducting a prescribed burn. This law was sparked by an incident several years ago in Valley Township, when local officials were not made aware of a prescribed burn. Local fire departments were called to respond to the fire, and the township later received a bill for the expense. Improved communication will help prevent similar expenses in the future.I also supported efforts to improve education, particularly when it comes to expanding career opportunities. I sponsored legislation that became law earlier this year allowing intermediate school districts to hire the best teachers for specialized programs.Earlier this year I voted in support with my Michigan House colleagues for record funding for K-12 education. I serve on the House Appropriations Committee and believe students and teachers in Allegan County classrooms will benefit from this budget. Funding for career and technical training also increases through competitive grants.Other highlights from 2017 include:•           Joining the majority of my House colleagues in voting to eliminate driver responsibility fees and forgiving all outstanding debt associated with the fees.•           Becoming a member of the Michigan House C.A.R.E.S task force to address mental health issues across the state. The goal is to help support vulnerable citizens within the community and create legislation that will help residents live happier and healthier lives.•           Voted in favor of a five-bill package to enhance career skills education in Michigan schools. Skilled trades is a growing field that will help strengthen Michigan’s economy and future.If you have any questions or concerns please do not hesitate to contact me. If residents are unable to meet during my scheduled office hours you may contact my office at 517-373-0836 or by email at [email protected] look forward to continue working with residents to improve our community in 2018.###last_img read more